Serbia, Europe, Historical Profile (1922), #033-Rival Programmes
That this recognition had not already been accorded before the collapse of the Central Powers began was due to disunion among the Yugoslavs themselves. Pasic, free from the restraints of a coalition and from all parliamentary con-trol, had reverted to his original Pan-Serb standpoint, and steadily declined to reconstruct his Cabinet on a wider Yugoslav basis. Trumtiic on his part could not enter a purely Serbian Cabinet without prejudicing that freedom of choice of his compatriots in the Dual Monarehy upon which the moral case of the Yugoslavs depended.
A series of incidents, such as I'asic's dismissal of the Serbian Ministers in London and Washington for their Yugoslav sentiment, proved the difference of outlook to be not merely personal but fundamental. When on Aug. 9 Balfour officially recognized the Czechoslovak National Council as "trustees of the future Czechoslovak Government, " he was ready to extend a similar recognition to the Yugoslav cause, but as a preliminary condition he very reasonably insisted upon unanimity between those who claimed to represent the rival groups of Yugoslavs. But every effort to bring Pasic and Trumbic together was unavailing, and when in the last week of Oct. the rival statesmen moved from London to Paris, all hope of Yugoslav recognition before the I'cacc Conference had vanished, owing to the stiffening in the attitude of Italy.
To meet the impending danger, the Zagreb Government urgently invited the assistance of the Serbian army, which during the final advance contained a large proportion of Yugoslav volunteers. The first Serbian troops entered Fiume on Nov. 18, and a most dangerous situation arose between them and the Italians in lstria and Dalmatia, which was only very partially mitigated by the dispatch of American military and naval forces to Trieste and Fiume. Much of the blame falls upon the Supreme Council, which shrank from the only effective means of allaying friction -immediate Allied occupation of the disputed zone, pending the decision of the Peace Conference.