Serbia, Europe, Historical Profile (1922), #023-The Conference of London


The armistice of Dec. 3 was followed by a peace conference in London on Dec. 16, at which Serbia was represented by Novakovic, Nikolic and Vesnic. After a month of fruitless negotiations, complicated by a revolution in Constantinople, the Balkan Delegates broke oft the negotiations on Jan. 28. The Council of Ambassadors initiated by Sir Edward Grey continued to sit in London, and devoted especial attention to the Albanian problem and to the friction produced between Albanians and Serbs by the latter's presence on the Adriatic.

When war was resumed on Feb. 3 the brunt fell upon Bulgaria, and the Serbs, being complete masters of Macedonia, were free to contribute 47.000 men and a siege train of 38 guns to the operations against Adrianople, which held out until March 26. The dispute which arose as to whether Shiikri Pasha had surrendered to the Bulgarians or to the Serbs was in itself quite unprofitable but was a symptom of the friction which was daily increasing between the two allies.

The final phase of the war concentrated round Scutari, which Montenegro and Serbia made desperate efforts to reduce. Even the announcement that the Council of Ambassadors had definitely assigned Scutari to the new Albanian state, only strengthened the resolve of King Nicholas to create a fresh fait accompli. But Austria-Hungary upheld her veto, and on March 20 addressed a severe note to Montenegro and dispatched a strong naval squadron to the Southern Adriatic.

Realizing the danger of Austro-Hungarian intervention, the Powers on March 31 joined Vienna in ordering Montenegro to cease hostilities, and on her refusal established a naval blockade of her strip of coast. On April 23 Scutari surrendered to the Monte-negrins. but the Powers, after a crisis of some weeks, eventually compelled the Montenegrins to surrender it to Admiral Bumey, as commander of the international fleet.

Negotiations were resumed in London on May 20. By the Treaty of London (May 30, 1913) Turkey ceded to the four allies conjointly the island of Crete and all territory lying to the west of the Enos-Midia line, while the settlement of Albania and the Aegean Islands was referred to the Great Powers.

      "Serbia, Europe, Historical Profile (1922), #023-The Conference of London," The Encyclopedia Britannica. (New York: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1922); digital edition, ( : posted 15 Jan 2013)

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