Minneapolis, Minnesota, Historical Profile (1919), #006-History
Father Louis Hennepin discovered the Falls of Saint Anthony in 1680, and the advantages of the site were pointed out by a traveler who visited the place about a century later. In 1807 Zebulon Pike concluded a treaty with the Sioux Indians, by which the heart of the present city became United States territory. The government erected Fort Snelling (south of Minnehaha Park) in 1819, and four years later a flour and lumber mill was set up. In 1837 the village of Saint Anthony was marked out on the east bank of the river. This was later surpassed by a settlement on the other bank, started in 1850, and chartered as the city of Minneapolis in 1867. Saint Anthony was annexed in 1872, and the city entered upon an era of uninterrupted prosperity. The name Minneapolis is a combination of the Indian word minne, meaning water, and the Greek word polis, meaning city. The city has one of the lowest death rates in America in proportion to its size.